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3.2.2 EFIMAS part of the FLR concept and approach: Cooperation with international organisations and other EU Projects in the work

General contribution by EFIMAS in relation to the evaluation framework development and the case specific implementation as well as cooperation with other projects and work in international organisations in relation to this development as well as implementation of the developed evaluation framework in other related projects:

The described work where EFIMAS has been a main platform has been done in cooperation and through communication with other EU FP6 Projects (see below) and different international advisory organisations and bodies (ICES, ICCAT, EU STECF, etc.). This latter has covered partly use of data bases and results, application and implementation of the developed fisheries management evaluation tools for relevant management scenarios (e.g. management in relation to stock recovery plans), as well as implementation of widely used assessment models in the MEF and case specific implementation.

Similar cooperation with relevant and associated EU FP6 and FP5 Projects has been an important contribution to the EFIMAS work and progress (see also the EFIMAS 18 Month Activity Report (EFIMAS, 2005)).

The bio-economic and socio-economic fisheries management evaluation framework(s) have been developed as a cooperation between especially two EU Projects so far: the EU FP6 EFIMAS and COMMIT Projects as well as the case specific implementation of this. Parts of the FLR framework with respect to initial parts of the biological OM on single stock basis (e.g FLStock, FLXSA etc) were developed under the EU FP5 FEMS Project. The budget allocation in EFIMAS in relation to development of the Fisheries Management Evaluation Frameworks and the case specific application and implementation of these as well as both the qualitative and quantitative performance evaluation of the evaluation frameworks is carried out through a continuous cyclic feed-back processes between the EFIMAS WP3, WP4 and WP5. The overall budgetary EU Contribution to EFIMAS WP3-5 is around 3.9 million EURO (excl. coordination costs). Similarly, the general development and case specific implementation of the FLR Evaluation Framework in COMMIT is covered by WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5 which covers a budgetary EU Contribution of around 1.1 million EURO. The three cases in COMMIT are overlapping with three of the in total eight cases in EFIMAS. As such EFIMAS has been a major platform in this development process. A series of meetings has been held jointly between the EFIMAS and the COMMIT projects. The development work, application and implementation work has been carried out as an integrated cooperation process between the two projects. This cooperation and project specific work is described in further detail below.

Similarly, parts of the development and implementation of the TEMAS (Evaluation Frame) and ISIS fisheries management evaluation tools (Case Study 6 and 9) have been carried out under other projects besides the major development and implementation in relation to those in EFIMAS. This has among other been done through the EU FP5 TECTAC and EU-FP6-PROTECT Projects, as well as through National Projects in a variety of countries (e.g. Denmark, France and the UK).

The cooperation and integration of EFIMAS as a platform in respect of the evaluation framework development with other EU FP6 projects has in overview covered the following:

EFIMAS-COMMIT: Definitions of differences and synergies between COMMIT and EFIMAS work and results: The main goal of COMMIT is to develop multi-annual management procedures including multi-annual stock assessment models using a management evaluation framework. The management procedures considers a broad range of uncertainty (e.g. process, and implementation errors as well as measurement and estimation errors) and are into a high degree including Bayesian based approaches. Where appropriate the Bayesian approach is used to specify plausible hypotheses (and associated probabilities) about the dynamics of the system. Application of the developed methodology in evaluation frameworks focus on multi-annual management procedures and compliance to management regulations including evaluation by Bayesian methodology. The EFIMAS project is much broader in its concept and coverage, and the main objective of EFIMAS is to develop a generic management evaluation framework including a biological and economical based operating model, an adaptation model, and management procedures all being able to address a broad range of various management strategies, management measures, and assessment models in- and outside the present European fisheries management system with in principle no limitations in relation to what the project can address (also in relation to what other projects may also address). This involves broad and extensive in depth analyses and case specific analyses to be able to establish and evaluate this management evaluation framework. EFIMAS apply various descriptive models and evaluation tools in contrasting case studies based on the broad expertise within the project. Benefiting from the longer project life-time EFIMAS integrates methodology developed and management evaluation result obtained within COMMIT. Also the three cases in COMMIT are overlapping with three of the in total eight cases in EFIMAS. In turn EFIMAS supplies COMMIT with descriptions of current management systems, collation of basic data (in cooperation with COMMIT), development and specification and parameterisation of operating models, and definition of base cases. An important part of EFIMAS has been the bio-economic and fleet specific focus, and especially the ECONOWS work (see section 3.6) as well as the participatory feed-back modelling (see WP5) has been central aspects in the project. The evaluation of the EFIMAS management evaluation framework’s usefulness to relevant fisheries stakeholders (e.g. managers, industry, advisers, NGOs) includes direct sociological studies and direct feed-back from stakeholders (on e.g. the stakeholder workshops under EFIMAS) which will not be the case for COMMIT. However, COMMIT includes some specific methodological solutions to include some sociological information into the models used hereunder (which also is considered in the evaluation framework). The cooperation between the projects have benefitted much in that the EFIMAS and COMMIT projects overall have shared case studies.

EFIMAS-NECESSITY: This cooperation between projects have been made in relation to EFIMAS Case Study 4, Nephrops Fisheries. The revised work plan of Case Study 4 (see Amendment to EFIMAS Contract May 2006; EFIMAS, 2006) is split into two components (Parts A and B). Part A focus on Nephrops stock assessment methods which make use of length-structured data. A study to determine the sensitivity of such models to input data and parameters has been undertaken, with particular focus on the sensitivity to sampling levels and estimates of growth. This allows an understanding of what factors most influence such length based stock assessment models and where the key uncertainty lies. This information has then been used to evaluate what key data is required to most effectively reduce the uncertainty in the model. Part B forms an essential planned linkage the parallel EC Framework VI gear technology project (NECESSITY). Without this linkage, or indeed this case study, a key component of the NECESSITY project could not be completed. This case study (CS4B) has made estimations of the biological consequences which can be potentially accrued through the use of new gear based technical measures. These new gear technical measures are being developed under the framework of the NECESSITY project, and are intended to reduce discarding of juvenile whitefish in the Nephrops fisheries around EU waters. The linkage between the gear development work undertaken in the NECESSITY project and the assessment of the biological impacts through the EFIMAS provides a useful set of deliverables which compliments both EC funded projects.

EFIMAS-PROTECT: This cooperation between these projects is mainly in relation to EFIMAS Case Study 9, Baltic Cod Fisheries. The cooperation here is within the development and application of the R/FLR, TEMAS (Evaluation Frame) and ISIS-Fish Models to evaluate biological and economical consequences of closed seasons and areas in relation to fisheries management being a part of the development of the generic management evaluation framework. The developed models has also focussed on evaluating effort management compared to TAC management under different environmental conditions as well as in relation to different catch mis-reporting levels. Additionally, the ISIS-Fish model has been incorporated in the FLR evaluation framework under Case Study 6, and experiences from this is used in the implementation of the R/FLR, TEMAS (Evaluation Frame) and ISIS-Fish in EFIMAS Case Study 9.

EFIMAS-BECAUSE: Discussion meetings on model development, model incorporation and on Evaluation Framework Models design and software use have been held jointly in the initial project phases between EFIMAS and BECAUSE.

EFIMAS-CEVIS: The biological and economical evaluation of the innovations in management pointed at under the CEVIS project (see below) has been evaluated with the MEF(s) developed under EFIMAS as well as directly used extensions of the EFIMAS case study work. The R/FLR framework has been used in the evaluations under CEVIS WP5 (Biological Robustness) and WP4 (Economical Robustness) of three types of management innovations evaluated in the CEVIS project (a range of management innovations are evolving worldwide, aimed at improving on the current situation. Main examples of such innovations are based on the principles of: participatory governance; effort control; and decision rule systems). The use of EFIMAS extended case studies in CEVIS covers both the Baltic cod fisheries case study (effort regulation), the North Sea flatfish fisheries case study (decision rules, participatory governance) and the Northern Hake (western shelf) mixed fisheries case study (decision rules, participatory governance, effort management). In the EU FP6 CEVIS Project there has, accordingly, been made further application of the FLR Evaluation Framework and analysis tools in existing and additional (e.g. Faroe Island mixed gadoid and demersal fishery) case studies. This has been done as a continuous cooperation process between the two projects in the period 2006-2008.

EFIMAS-FISBOAT: In relation to the EU FP6 FISBOAT Project the FLFisboat object has been made using the generic R/FLR fisheries MEF developed partly under the EFIMAS project. The FLFisboat object has furthermore been used in input to scenario-evaluations under EFIMAS Case Study 2.

EFIMAS-CAFÉ: So far databases developed and data requests under the EU FP6 CAFÉ Project are made in close contact with the EFIMAS Project (basically relating to EFIMAS Case Study 2), i.e. especially in relation to data requests made under the projects. This is partly done on basis of the experiences and results obtained from establishment of the EFLALO database under the EU FP5 Project TECTAC.

EFIMAS-UNCOVER: Here FLR is being used to develop recovery plans for North Sea cod, haddock (and Baltic cod) in direct cooperation with EFIMAS (see e.g. Case Study 2).

EFIMAS-PRONE: In PRONE a comprehensive risk assessment framework is being developed that allows sakeholders perceptions and concerns to be better intergrated into managment measures and the FLR framework is being used to explore ways to present and modelk risks.

EFIMAS-JAKFISH: The JAKFISH project uses FLR modelling with the RACs to develop further the participatory modelling method developed under EFIMAS.

GENERAL: In general the use of data bases, results, and analysis tools from other projects and international advisory organisations (e.g. ICES, EU STECF and ICCAT), as well as the development and implementation of the case specific analyses and the establishment and use of the generic management evaluation framework, is further described under the specific approaches under the case studies.

J. Rasmus Nielsen 2008/09/08 16:58

 
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