quick link to WP3 FLR

3.4 Dissemination: Examples and Implementation

The developed MEF and simulation models under EFIMAS and FLR have been tested in several selected case studies under EFIMAS covering different types of important EU fisheries in different areas. These include, among others, mixed roundfish fisheries in the North Sea, salmon and cod fisheries in the Baltic Sea, mixed fisheries targeting, respectively, Norway lobster and Northern hake in the East Atlantic and in the Mediterranean as well as swordfish fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. Through these examples presented under EFIMAS WP4 EFIMAS WP4 a broad variety of existing and emerging management options and systems in EU fisheries policy have been evaluated to illustrate the capacity of the MEF. This cover regulation by traditional TAC (Total Allowable Catch) and multi-annual TACs but also a row of management innovations evolving worldwide and in Europe such as direct effort control and decision rules systems, indirect effort control through spatial and temporal closures, as well as rights based approaches and participatory governance. Additionally, it covers mixed fisheries interactions, effects of under-reporting of catch, use of different stock assessment models, and more.

The developed MEFs under FLR have already been used in several ICES stock assessment and mixed fisheries working groups, in EU STECF working groups and EU RACs (Regional Advisory Councils), in NAFO Scientific Council working groups, in IWC, and presented through a long row of scientific papers, conferences, user courses and workshops produced under EFIMAS and sister projects.

EFIMAS has produced and provided a specific Policy Brief / Policy Implementation Plan in relation to the MEF(s) developed which details the application of the MEF at the EU fishery management level.

ACCESS TO FLR LIBRARY

The evaluation framework developed under EFIMAS WP3 and related projects is a suite of R packages to be downloaded and installed within the R environment. The latest working versions of the main packages are officially released on R-repository and can be downloaded through the R command:

install.packages(repos=”http://flr-project.org/R”)

Read mode in section 3.3.2

See also section 3.3.4 concerning versions of FLR.

EXAMPLES OF DISSEMINATION, IMPLEMENTATION AND PRESENTATION

The long row of extensive applications and implementations of FLR developed within EFIMAS are presented under EFIMAS WP4 EFIMAS WP4 pages. Furthermore, this is listed in the EFIMAS List of Dissemination, Products and Activities:

Numerous examples of applications under FLR is on FLR applications and FLR tutorials webside. This includes some example codes. The below list available at FLR tutorials (in modified form) gives examples of implementation. Additional examples of dissemination, applications and implementations in relation to EFIMAS are listed further below directly addressing e.g. ICES, STECFs, RACs and Management Strategy Evaluations (MSE).

  • North Sea flatfish: detailed spatial simulation model of North Sea plaice - May 2005
  • North Sea flatfish: evaluation of the North Sea RAC advice - January 2006.
  • North Sea flatfish: evaluation of North Sea flatfish productivity and limits to sustainability - January 2006.
  • North Sea flatfish: Conditioning of North Sea flatfish - January 2006.
  • ICES Assessments: Southern Hake Assessment - April, 2006
  • Operating Model: Southern Hake OM - April, 2006
  • North Sea flatfish: evaluation of the long term management plan for North Sea plaice and sole - Aug 2006
  • Northern hake: Conditioning of Northern hake based on the ICES stock assessment
  • Nephrops case study: Effect on fish stocks of new selective gears for Nephrops - June, 2006
  • Recovery plans: Review of ICES Recovery plans - August, 2006
  • Northern hake: MPAs and technical measures scenarios using ISIS-FLR bioeconomic model - November 2006.
  • EU Data Collection Regulation: Testing Fleet-Fishery Based Sampling - November, 2006
  • North Sea cod: Effects of climate change on cod management
  • STECF HCRs: Generic HCR evaluation - March 2007
  • ICES Assessments: Baltic Salmon Assessment and Case study - April, 2007
  • ICES Assessments: Generic tools for assessment methods used by several ICES Assessment Working Groups (e.g. WGNSSK), 2006, 2007 and 2008
  • COBECOS bioeconomic models: FLR bioeconomic models of enforcement used for selected case studies - February, 2008
  • STECF HCRs: Generic HCR evaluation - July 2008
WEB SITES
ICES
STECF
  • Flatfish management plan evaluation: STECF 2006
  • SGBRE-07-03 (June 2007) and follow-up SGBRE-07-05 (December 2007) Northern Hake long-terms management plans
  • SGMOS-07-07 Evaluation of Harvest Control (September 2007). See the specific details under this working group's wiki page
  • Final_Report SGRST-08-02_Harvest_Control_Rules (Helsinki, July 2008). STECF SGRST-08-02. Final HCR Report including the STECF opinion expressed during the plenary meeting in Helsinki.
RACs
  • Examples of work evaluated in the RACs is the work on North Sea flatfish to the North Sea RAC |Poos et al. (2006) and Pastoors et al. (2006).
  • MSE Tools for Long Term Management Evaluation of Northern Hake presented to: RAC SWW: Santigao de Compostela, 23 oct 2008, and to RAC NWW: Bruselas, 31 Oct 2008.
EXAMPLES OF ADVICE ON EVALUATION OF MANAGEMENT PLANS
  • Pietikäinen, L. 2005. Cod fishery of the European Union and Russia at the Baltic Sea - a game theoretic analysis. Department of Economics and Management, Working Papers no 30, University of Helsinki
  • Levontin, P., McAllister, M. (2005). Evaluating management options for Baltic salmon (Salmo Salar) using bio-economic operating models in a generic simulation framework. Proceedings of the ICES Annual Science Conference, Aberdeen. ICES CM 2005/W:00
  • Evaluation of NSRAC advice for North Sea flatfish management plan, January 2006
  • Evaluation of EC proposal for North Sea flatfish management plan, presented to STECF SGECA-SGRST-06-05, September 2006
  • Evaluation of North Sea haddock management plan and North Sea cod recovery plan, ICES WGNSSK 2006, section 16 (see also below).
  • Needle, C. L. (2006a). Evaluating harvest control rules for North Sea haddock using FLR. Working Paper for the ICES Working Group on Methods of Stock Assessment, Galway, Ireland, 21-26 June 2006.
  • Needle, C. L. (2006c). Revised FLR-based evaluation of candidate harvest control rules for North Sea haddock. Working paper for the ICES Advisory Committee for Fisheries Management, Copenhagen, October 2006.
  • ICES, 2007(a). Results of the evaluation of the biological effects of North Sea cod recovery plans in relation to various management measures using the modelling FLR to evaluate management plans under the umbrella of current North Sea cod recovery plans are presented in ICES WGNSSK (2006), section 16 and Working Document 18: ICES WGNSSK 2006, section 16 and Working Document 18
  • ICES, 2007(b). Results of the evaluation of North Sea haddock management plan in relation to various management measures using modelling in F/RLR is presented in ICES WGNSSK Report (2006), section 16: ICES WGNSSK 2006, section 16 and Working Document 18. ICES C.M. 2007/ACFM:35
  • Kronbak, L., Lindroos M. 2006. An Enforcemen-Coalition Model:Fishermen and Authorities Forming Coalitions. Environmental and Resource Economics, 35: 169-194
  • Horbowy, J. 2006. Management of the eastern Baltic cod with stock-production or difference models. Poster to ICES Symposium on evaluation of management strategies. SFMS 44, Dublin 2006
  • J. Haralabous, CD Maravelias, G. Tserpes & C. Papaconstantinou. 2007. Developing a FLR operational model for evaluation of fisheries management strategies: an application to Mediterranean hake fishery. 38th CIESM Congress, 9-13 April 2007, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Evaluation of management strategies for the mixed North Sea roundfish fisheries with the FLR framework Presentation to AFH (French Association of Fisheries Science) Conference, 19-21 June 2007, La Rochelle, France
  • Clarke, E. D. 2007. Evaluating the West of Scotland cod recovery plan using computer simulations, FISHupdate, June 2007.
  • Clarke E.D. 2007. ROAME MF0352: The evaluation of fisheries management strategies using simulation. Case study: the West of Scotland cod recovery plan. Part 2: Model parameter estimation. Fisheries research Services internal Report, No ##. 10pp.
  • Holmes, S.J. 2007. ROAME MF0352: The evaluation of fisheries management strategies using simulation. Case study: the West of Scotland cod recovery plan. Part 3: Discards model parameter estimation and validation. Fisheries research Services internal Report, No ##. 20pp.
  • Clarke E. D. and Holmes, S. J. 2007. The evaluation of fisheries management strategies using simulation. Case study: the West of Scotland cod recovery plan. Part 4: Evaluation of the west of Scotland cod recovery plan. Fisheries research Services internal Report, No ##. 29pp.
  • Evaluation of management strategies for the mixed North Sea roundfish fisheries with the FLR framework Presentation to MODSIM07 Conference, 10-13 december 2007, Christchurch, New Zealand with Hamon et al. peer-review publication in conference proceedings
  • Needle, C. L. (2007a). Management strategy evaluation for North Sea haddock, Fisheries Research, doi:10.1016/j.fishres.2008.03.004
  • Needle, C. L. (2007b). Management strategy evaluation for North Sea haddock (poster). Haddock 2007, Sheraton Harborside Hotel, Portsmouth NH, USA. 25 October 2007
  • Hoff, A. and Frost, H. 2007. Modelling Economic Response to Combined Harvest and Effort Control in Fishery.
  • Tserpes, G. and Peristeraki, P., 2007. Effects of a seasonal closure of the Mediterranean swordfish fisheries on the stock production levels. ICCAT Collective Volume of Scientific Papers, 60: 2059-2062
  • Bastardie, F., Nielsen, J.R., and Kraus, G. 2008. A spatially-explicit fishing effort re-allocation modelling framework using FLR – Application to the Baltic cod fishery under selected environmental and management regimes. Report DTU-Aqua, Danish Technical University, Charlottenlund, Denmark, March 2008: 50 pp. (Submitted). report Baltic Case Study 9 Approach 2a
  • Bastardie, F., Nielsen, J.R., and Kraus, G. 2008. Management Strategy Evaluation framework for the Eastern Baltic cod fishery to test robustness of management against environmental conditions and fleet response scenarios. (Submitted ICES J. Mar. Sci.)
  • Hoff, A., Frost, H. (2008). Modelling economic response to harvest and effort control in the North Sea cod fishery. Aquat. Living Resour., 2(forthcoming)
  • Kraus, G., Pelletier, D., Dubreuil, J., Moellmann, C., Hinrichsen, H.H., Bastardie, F., Vermard, Y., and Mahevas, S. 2008. A model-based evaluation of marine protected areas for fishery management in the case of strong environmental forcing – the example of Eastern Baltic cod (Gadus morhua callarias L.). (Accepted ICES J. Mar. Sci.). Paper with results
  • Hamon, K., Ulrich, C., Hoff, A. and Kell, L. 2007. Evaluation of management strategies for the mixed North Sea roundfish fisheries with the FLR framework Presentation to MODSIM07 Conference, 10-13 december 2007, Christchurch, New Zealand with Hamon et al. peer-review publication in conference proceedings.
  • García D., Prellezo R. & Marina Santurtún. 2008. Update on EFIMAS Project: Evaluation tool for Alternative scenarios for Northern Hake fisheries management (Management Strategies Evaluation (MSE)) NWW RAC Focus Group on Northern Hake Long Term Management 21st February 2008, Bilbao
  • Tserpes, G., Tzanatos, E., Peristeraki, P., Placenti, V. and Kell, L., 2008. A bioeconomic evaluation of different management measures for the Mediterranean swordfish. ICCAT SCRS/2008/026
  • Final_Report SGRST-08-02_Harvest_Control_Rules (Helsinki, July 2008). STECF SGRST-08-02. Final HCR Report including the STECF opinion expressed during the plenary meeting in Helsinki.

(See also list of publications under WP3 under section 3.9)

SYMPOSIA, CONFERENCES
PUBLICATIONS, PAPERS, REPORTS ETC
 
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